He is traditionally counted as the first Bishop of Rome—or pope—and also by Eastern Christian tradition as the first Patriarch of Antioch.The ancient Christian churches all venerate Peter as a major saint and as the founder of the Church of Antioch and the Roman Church, and was from the village of Bethsaida in the province of Galilee or Gaulanitis. According to New Testament accounts, Peter was one of twelve apostles chosen by Jesus from his first disciples.Peter's original name, as indicated in the New Testament, was "Simon" (Σίμων Simōn in Greek) or (only in Acts and 2 Peter 1:1) "Simeon" (Συμεών in Greek).The Simon/Simeon variation has been explained as reflecting "the well-known custom among Jews at the time of giving the name of a famous patriarch or personage of the Old Testament to a male child along with a similar sounding Greek/Roman name".Jesus then amazes Simon and his companions James and John (Andrew is not mentioned) by telling them to lower their nets, whereupon they catch a huge number of fish. In John, we are told that it was two disciples of John the Baptist (Andrew and an unnamed disciple) who heard John the Baptist announce Jesus as the "Lamb of God" and then followed Jesus.Andrew then went to his brother Simon, saying, "We have found the Messiah", and then brought Simon to Jesus.I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.
According to the gospels, Peter confessed Jesus as the Messiah, According to Christian tradition, Peter was crucified in Rome under Emperor Nero Augustus Caesar.
It is traditionally held that he was crucified upside down at his own request, since he saw himself unworthy to be crucified in the same way as Jesus.
Tradition holds that he was crucified at the site of the Clementine Chapel.
The Gospel of Mark was traditionally thought to show the influence of Peter's preaching and eyewitness memories.
Several other books bearing his name—the Acts of Peter, Gospel of Peter, Preaching of Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, and Judgment of Peter—are considered by Christian denominations as apocryphal, and are thus not included in their Bible canons.