Consumption of foods rich in flavanols are also associated with improved cardiovascular outcomes, Diet was assessed at 5-year intervals, with cocoa intake estimated from the consumption of cocoa-containing foods; mean intake among users was approximately 2.11 g/day. The mean systolic blood pressure in the highest tertile of cocoa intake was 3.7 mm Hg lower, and the mean diastolic blood pressure was 2.1 mm Hg lower compared with the lowest tertile; 314 men died, 152 of cardiovascular diseases. Although several varieties of cacao exist, the forastero variety from West Africa accounts for more than 90% of world production.
Results of another study demonstrated that daily consumption of a high-flavanol cocoa drink led to a sustained reversal of endothelial dysfunction, reaching a plateau level of improved flow-mediated dilation after 5 days. Family: Sterculiaceae Common Name(s): Cacao , cocoa . In one study, an inverse relationship was demonstrated between cocoa intake and blood pressure, as well as a 15-year cardiovascular and all-cause mortality; the median cocoa intake among users was 2.11 g/day. Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) when used in moderate amounts or in amounts used in foods. When compared with that of the lowest tertile, the adjusted relative risk for men in the highest tertile was 0.5 for cardiovascular mortality and 0.53 for all-cause mortality. In another study, 34,489 cardiovascular disease-free postmenopausal women were followed for 16 years.